According to a recent American Pet Products Association survey, sixty-seven percent of US households – or 85 million families – own a pet.

There is no doubt that we love our animals, and many people consider the family pet to be a natural part of the family. With that in mind, here are some pointers to ensure our pets are kept in the best possible health.

Introduce your pet to the vet

As a proud pet owner, one of your priorities is to enroll your pet in a good veterinary clinic. Think of yourself as a caregiver – the vet will give you some sound advice on recommended diet and general routine, including exercise. A good service like Mesa veterinary clinic will provide sound advice and ongoing support with routine check-ups and emergencies.

Keep your pet at a healthy weight

One of the things that your veterinarian can advise you on is the optimum weight for your pet. Whether it be a dog, cat, or a guinea pig, checking the shape of your pet is generally easier than checking their weight by scales.

This is because the healthy or optimum weight differs according to breed and type, but a healthy shape is generally the same for all animals.

Be sure to stick to the diet recommended for your pet. Generally speaking, occasional treats are acceptable, within reason! Remember that as much as pets are domesticated and accustomed to co-habiting with humans, their diets and digestive tracts differ from ours, and some foods become definite no-nos for your pet.

Socialization and exercise

Remember that all domestic animals have evolved from the wild. Over time they have accustomed themselves to living alongside humans, yet they still retain some basic traits from the wild. While some, like cats, enjoy greater independence, pets like dogs have a higher level of socialization and enjoy company, connection, and plenty of exercise.

Obesity has become a problem with human society, and sadly this is also becoming problematic with domestic pets. A key to ensuring a pet is in the best possible health is to get the basis of diet and exercise right.

Once again, the veterinarian will give a guide to the amount and type of exercise for a given animal and breed.

Diseases and parasites

Dependent upon the type of pet owned, vaccinations may be recommended for major diseases. This, of course, is assessed and administered by the family vet, however, there are further day-to-day considerations that the pet owner should be aware of and be on the lookout for.

Whether it be an indoor or an outdoor pet, animals will potentially encounter a range of parasites that might require attention and treatment. Typical parasites encountered include fleas, ticks, and heartworms.

Animals are often allergic to fleas and can easily develop skin irritations from scratching themselves to remove the pest. Ticks are more commonly encountered in outdoor pets and can pass on infection and disease when they attach themselves and bite. For example, Simple mosquito bites may pass on heartworm disease.

Early detection is achieved by noting any changes in your animal’s behavior. Frequent scratching and attention to the body is a possible sign of fleas or other irritants. General loss of appetite, lack of interest, changes in coat condition, or general irritability may all be signs of parasitic infection.

Be aware of your pet

Taking a few simple precautions and simply becoming more aware of your pet, rather than taking them for granted, is the first step towards ensuring your loved one stays in peak condition and optimum health.

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